About Union, NJ

Union NJ Map Union County
Written by NJroute22

About Union, NJ

What is with NJ and all the similar named cities? There is another Union Township in Hunterdon County – so we’ll simply call this place Union. 

Anyway – Union and other eastern municipalities along NJ Route 22 are very much known for their retail density and heavy traffic volumes during peak times.

Union is also in the top 5% of most populous cities in NJ.

I wouldn’t be surprised if each and every retail corporation in existence has a location in either Union or Springfield. But that’s neither here or there.

Any suggestions for spots above and beyond?

“Encyclopedia” entry below!

Union Township, Union County, New Jersey

Union is a township in Union CountyNew Jersey, United States. In the 18th century, the area that is now Union was then called Connecticut Farms. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population was 56,642, the highest recorded in any decennial census, reflecting an increase of 2,237 (+4.1%) from the 54,405 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,381 (+8.8%) from the 50,024 counted in the 1990 Census.


The Township of Union is located on the northern-central edge of Union County and is bordered by eight municipalities: Hillside to the east, Elizabeth to the southeast, Roselle Park and Kenilworth to the south and Springfield Township to the west. Northwest of the township lies Millburn, to the north lies Maplewood and to the northeast lies Irvington, all in Essex County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Union township had a total area of 9.092 square miles (23.548 km), including 9.071 square miles (23.494 km) of land and 0.021 square miles (0.055 km) of water (0.23%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Battle Hill, Connecticut Farms, Galloping Hill, Headlentown, Putnam Manor, Salem, Townley and Vauxhall.


  • Five Points, area around the junction of Galloping Hill Road, Chestnut Street, Salem Road, Delaware Avenue, Walton Avenue, and Tucker Avenue.
  • Brookside Heights (Curreyville), west of Vauxhall Road.
  • Vauxhall, area of Union north of I-78 and west of Stuyvesant Avenue,with its own ZIP code 07088.
  • Union Center, area around the intersection of Morris and Stuyvesant Avenues.
  • Putnam Ridge, a section between Suburban Road, Morris Avenue, Twin Oaks Road, and Colonial Avenue.
  • Putnam Manor, an historic section between Colonial Avenue and Salem Road.
  • Orchard Park
  • Parkside Manor, a three-road section off of Union Terrace, featured in the movie She Devil with Roseanne Barr.
  • Larchmont Estates, area bordered by Larchmont Reservation (NW and NE edges), Morris Avenue (SW), Liberty Avenue (SE), and Joe Collins Park/Larchmont Reservation (NE edge).
  • Green Lane, new community between Kean University and Union Station.
  • Fairway Drive, community bordering the Galloping Hill Golf Course.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,428
1820 1,567 9.7%
1830 1,409 −10.1%
1840 1,482 5.2%
1850 1,662 12.1%
1860 1,812 9.0%
1870 2,314 * 27.7%
1880 2,418 4.5%
1890 2,846 17.7%
1900 4,315 51.6%
1910 3,419 * −20.8%
1920 3,962 * 15.9%
1930 16,472 315.7%
1940 24,730 50.1%
1950 38,004 53.7%
1960 51,499 35.5%
1970 53,077 3.1%
1980 50,184 −5.5%
1990 50,024 −0.3%
2000 54,405 8.8%
2010 56,642 4.1%
Est. 2014 57,832 2.1%
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

2010 Census

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 56,642 people, 19,556 households, and 14,276 families residing in the township. The population density was 6,244.3 per square mile (2,410.9/km). There were 20,250 housing units at an average density of 2,232.4 per square mile (861.9/km). The racial makeup of the township was 53.78% (30,464) White, 28.98% (16,417) Black or African American, 0.14% (80) Native American, 10.60% (6,003) Asian, 0.04% (24) Pacific Islander, 4.06% (2,297) from other races, and 2.40% (1,357) from two or more racesHispanics or Latinos of any race were 14.94% (8,465) of the population.

There were 19,556 households, of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the township, 21.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

The Census Bureau’s 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $73,722 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,858) and the median family income was $86,705 (+/- $3,822). Males had a median income of $54,811 (+/- $1,998) versus $47,144 (+/- $2,316) for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,135 (+/- $1,104). About 3.7% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.


Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 145.85 miles (234.72 km) of roadways, of which 120.11 miles (193.30 km) were maintained by the municipality, 11.43 miles (18.39 km) by Union County and 12.46 miles (20.05 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.85 miles (2.98 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

Union is traversed by the Garden State ParkwayInterstate 78U.S. Route 22 and Route 82 (Morris Avenue).

The Parkway connects Kenilworth in the south to Hillside in the north. The Parkway includes interchanges 139A (Chestnut Street) / 139B (Route 82 West Union), interchanges 140 (Route 22 / Route 82 west) / 140A (Route 22 / Route 82 west) and interchange 141 (Vauxhall Road / Union).

Public transportation

New Jersey Transit offers rail service at the Union train station providing service on the Raritan Valley Line (formerly the mainline of the Lehigh Valley Railroad) to Newark Penn Station. The station opened in 2003 and includes a parking lot with over 450 spaces.

NJ Transit also provides bus service to New York City and New Jersey points on the 113114 and 117 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the 6566 70 and 94 routes to Newark and local service on the 26 and 52.

Former Rahway Valley Railroad freight line, now abandoned, crosses through Union. This line, presently licensed to Morristown and Erie Railway, is in the process of revitalization after which it will link to NJ Transit’s Morris and Essex Lines at Summit and connect to Staten Island.

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Union.

Notable buildings

  • The Union Watersphere, for many years the tallest water tower of its type in the world, stands 212 feet tall, holds 250,000 gallons of drinking water and is now also used as a cell phone tower. The landmark and icon inspired a former Union resident to create a website and museum (in Austin, Texas) dedicated to it.
  • Union is home to several houses constructed totally of poured concrete, an experiment of Thomas Edison. The homes on Ingersoll Terrace include poured concrete interior walls with formed concrete plumbing.
  • Union is home to a building in the shape of a ship at 2262 U.S. Route 22. Originally a restaurant and night club, it has changed ownership over the years, becoming a furniture store known as “The Flagship” and later The Wiz Home Electronics. It is currently a P. C. Richard & Son store.
  • Union is home to the largest Home Depot store in the United States, covering 217,000 square feet (20,200 m).

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Union Township include:

(SOURCE: Infogalactic)

Union NJ Map Union County



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NJroute22 (site admin) is an avid traveler along NJ Route 22 (and almost all of central New Jersey!) Family man, pet lover, and property owner who has a natural curiosity for everything around.

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